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Art in Times of Culture Wars

Art in Times of Culture Wars 23 November 20239:30 – 17:00UAP, Atrium (29 Marcinkowskiego Ave.) This workshop invites artists and scholars from Poland who are concerned with the country’s ongoing culture wars about issues such as e.g. abortion or blasphemy laws, LGBT rights, migration, freedom of speech, role of the church. The aim is to present and discuss their respective works and methods with a view to ethical as well as practical questions: Is it possible to transform culture wars peacefully through art and culture? If yes, how and to which extent? Which approaches are appropriate and in which contexts? When to provoke, when to negotiate? When to escalate, when to moderate? How do art and popular culture intersect whenMore
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Intermedia Cinema S02E01 | „Tomorrow or Day after Tomorrow” Bing Liu

It’s time to start the next season of Intermedia Cinema! Open programme for UAP students.  The second season of Intermedia Cinema will be special because it will be created in cooperation with Millennium Docs Against Gravity! Documentary films from the MDAG collection will diversify our repertoire over the next few months. They will become a portal to real and haptical worlds; worlds that can be known even through careful observation. We will spend the inaugural meeting in Illinois, observing a group of maturing skaters. Don’t worry – we won’t spend two hours watching amateur clips recorded with a simple VHS camera and then posted on YouTube. “Minding the Gap” is definitely something more than just a collection of several-second recordings of evenings spent atMore
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Active remembering | Wojciech Kujawski

Active remembering | Wojciech KujawskiCurator: Marcin FilarySupport: Szymon Zwoliński, Anna Maria BrandysGallery Duża Scena UAP, 24 Wodna Str.Opening: 16.11.2023, 18:0016.11 – 3.12.2023 Wojciech Kujawski Active Remembering Every death is unexpected. Such an event marks the memory of all those who remain for a long time, and also makes us aware of the presence of a clear boundary between the present and the past. In addition to the memories of the lost person, there are always various items, often small and personal. They are, as cultural anthropologist Aleida Assmann notes: symbolic supports that preserve memories for the future, while imposing the obligation of shared collective memory on subsequent generations. However, before such a coherent and unified memory arises, fragmentary and unformedMore
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Grzegorz Bożek | Ecstasy of Motives from Life

Grzegorz Bożek | Ecstasy of Motives from LifeOpening: 17.11.2023, 17:00Gallery Szewska 16Duration of exhibition: 17.11-10.12.2023 Curatorial team of the gallery:Natalia CzarcińskaJerzy MuszyńskiDorota Tarnowska-Urbanik Ecstasy of Motives from Life[images 2021-2023]BECAUSE! (2021)Snail (2021)Broken Call Icon (2022)Smokes from under the mask (2022)Neither sadness nor smile (2022/2023)Language ear, what has it said in life, what has it heard in life (2022)Cut Tongue (2022)Place of the Skull (2022)Malina (2022)Gray Spirit Crow (2022)Match (2022)Meeting with Inga L. (2022)Gas problems (2022/2023)Plane of Amblyopia (2023)Ksenia holds out a figurine of a child in her hand. On the radio I hear rescued from under the rubble newborn (February 2023)Echo Shelter Bridge (2023)He Whistles Three Times (2023)Smile (2023)Sleeping problems / Portrait of Debora F. (2023)Teeth Heater (2023)Truth / A SheetMore
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Flowers of Valeria | Joanna Trzcińska

Flowers of Valeria | Joanna Trzcińska Curator: Piotr MastalerzGallery Curators’LAB UAP, 12 Nowowiejskiego Str.Opening: 21.11.2023, 18:00Duration of exhibition: 21.11 – 10.12.2023 Joanna Trzcińska She studied at the Władysław Strzemiński Academy of Fine Arts in Lodz. She obtained her diploma in 1994. She is the author of several individual and several dozen collective exhibitions in Poland and abroad. She deals with painting, graphics, graphic objects and teaching. In the years 2018-2021 she ran the Drawing Studio. From Study to Experiment, now being the Head of the Painting Expression Studio at the Institute of Painting and Drawing at the Faculty of Fine Arts of the Academy of Fine Arts in Lodz. “Flowers of Valeria” – this is the title of one ofMore
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43rd Maria Dokowicz Competition for the Best Diploma Project at the Magdalena Abakanowicz University of the Arts Poznan

43rd Maria Dokowicz Competition for the Best Diploma Project at the Magdalena Abakanowicz University of the Arts Poznan Exhibition opening, announcement of results and prize-giving ceremonyNovember 13th, 7 p.m., Pavilion 11Poznan International Fair14 Głogowska Str., 60–734 Poznan Duration of exhibition: 14–19.11.2023Opening hours: ATTENTION:Entry to the Poznan International Fair is possible after presenting a free entry ticket (to be collected at the university or presented on the phone) or using the password DOKOWICZ
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Dr Vera Faber | Crossing Boundaries, Challenging Constraints – On Perspectives in Artistic and Curatorial Work

Dr Vera Faber | Crossing Boundaries, Challenging Constraints – On Perspectives in Artistic and Curatorial Work Date: January 8, 2024, 18:00–19:30 Link: https://meet.google.com/zua-kjtk-ykr Organization: Austrian Culture Forum and Faculty of Artistic Education and Curatorial Studies Lecture:Censorship and the restriction of free speech have taken on a striking new topicality in society today. Accordingly, the rôle of creative strategies to express what may not be voiced is also brought back to the fore. In this lecture, I will focus on artistic strategies and curatorial practices to address and challenge boundaries imposed by censorship and political constraints. The concept of border will thus be conceived well beyond the purely spatial scope, with border crossing be explored, among other things, with regard to symbolic, social,More
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ALETHEIA | Urszula Ślusarczyk

ALETHEIA | Urszula ŚlusarczykGallery Nowa Scena UAP, 28 Marcinkowskiego Ave.Opening: 15.11.2023, 18:0015.11 – 3.12.2023 The paintings presented at the exhibition are the result of current research that has been revolving around the “Greek trope” for some time. In particular, Crete is a place for me to experience a unique, multidimensional intensity, the impact of which I take to the studio. This experience combines elements of learning and discovering fragments of reality with the awareness of approaching the threshold of mystery. An important motif for me is the process of light emergence. From here we are close to the Greek concept of “Aletheia”, which Heidegger referred to the “infinite process of revealing”. To some extent, it is also close to theMore
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Axis | Wojciech Hora

Axis | Wojciech HoraGallery Rotunda, building A, 29 Marcinkowskiego Str.7-26.11.2023 Work inspired by a place, existing thanks to it, is physically dependent. Rotunda is a space with a cross-section of a circle – an ideal figure – the center of which determines the central axis that organizes the space. The balance of forces generated by this axis is directed towards and centrifugally with a specific potential to influence gravity. Each structure and spatial situation has a specific axis – a central point that organizes various aspects of the whole, allows them to be defined and significantly influences their characteristics. This axis is also a kind of string that creates a specific tuning of a given system, often resonating with aMore
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TIME – PLACE – IDENTITY | POST-OPEN-AIR EXHIBITION OF WEAiK: ARTISTIC EDUCATION IN THE FIELD OF PLASTIC ARTS, CURATORIAL STUDIES AND THEORY OF ART

TIME – PLACE – IDENTITY POST-OPEN-AIR EXHIBITION OF WEAiK: ARTISTIC EDUCATION IN THE FIELD OF PLASTIC ARTS, CURATORIAL STUDIES AND THEORY OF ART Gallery Design UAP, 9 Wolnica Str. Duration:– I part of exhibition – 30.10.23-14.11.23– opening – 09.11.2023, 18:00 – II part of exhibition – 17.11.23- 30.11.23– finissage – 28.11.2023, 18:00 Participants – 1st year students of bachelor and master studies: Alicja Bajorek, Pola Bober, Lidia Boćwińska, Remigiusz Boruszewski, Marta Brorsson, Maja Chaczyńska, Monika Czyżniewska, Paweł Dyczkowski, Julia Gągalska, Jagoda Goińska, Sandra Grewling, Maja Jankowiak, Alicja Jencz, Sara Kajzar, Vanessa Kantor, Antonina Karczewska, Maciej Karkoszka, Maria Kasper, Paula Kleczewska, Nicole Klinge, Kinga Kłeczek, Magdalena Kłosowska, Ada Kobusiewicz, Stanisław Korycki, Bogumiła Krysztofiak, Wojciech Kudaj, Szymon Maląg, Daniel Malinowski, Julia Mieloch,More
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Szymon Rogiński | Solastalgia

Szymon Rogiński | Solastalgia Gallery Duża Scena UAP, 24 Wodna Str.Curator: Agnieszka TarasiukOpening: 23.10.2023, 18:00Duration: 21.10-8.11.2023 Szymon RogińskiSOLASTALGIAThe Australian philosopher Glenn Albrecht coined the term solastalgia in 2003 to describe the emotions caused by industrial landscape changes. Natural ecosystems are degrading at pace we are unable to emotionally integrate. Wars, extraction of raw materials, pollution and the impacts of climate change are destroying the habitat of people and other beings on a scale never seen before.Szymon Rogiński shows the catastrophic aspect of everyday life in the interior of global capitalism, whose economic principle is constant growth. Ordinary life – houses, shops, workplaces and means of transport cause a landscape calamity comparable to areas of environmental disasters.The exhibition consists of three cyclesMore
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Samo-loty (Airplanes)

Samo-loty (Airplanes) Wojciech GorączniakMarek JakuszewskiMarcin LorencJerzy MuszyńskiMikołaj PolińskiMonika Shaded  18.10-6.11.2023 Gallery Szewska 16 Opening: 18.10, 19:00 Curatorial team: Natalia CzarcińskaJerzy MuszyńskiDorota Tarnowska-Urbanik 
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Passages, Passers-by. Place, History and Identity | Open lecture by Rene de Rooze (Groningen, the Netherlands)

Passages, Passers-by. Place, History and Identity | Open lecture by Rene de Rooze (Groningen, the Netherlands) 16.10.2023, 12.30-14.00Atrium UAP, 23 Lutego str., 20 “We never stop missing our loved ones, we simply learn to live by somehow keeping inside, the enormous void left by their absence”. (A. Noel)“Modern memory is, above all, archival. It relies entirely on the materiality of the trace, the immediacy of the recording, the visibility of the image” (Between Memory and History, Pierre Nora)Rene the Rooze was born in Amsterdam 1955, but grew up in the beautiful albeit poorparadise of Dutch New Guinea. The jungle started 100 meters from his home and its colors, the heat, the indigenous people and the smells of the many tropicalMore
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International Academic Conference Illusion of Form – about ‘shaping’ at art universities

International Academic Conference Illusion of Form – about ‘shaping’ at art universitiesDates: 23-25 October 2023, Poznań – START 10 amVenue: Brama Poznania ICHOT, Poznańskie Centrum Dziedzictwa ul. Gdańska 2, 61-123 PoznańAcademic management and coordination of the conference: Marta Bosowska PhD and Tomasz Drewicz PhD
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XXIX Krystyna Drążkiewicz National Drawing and Painting Open-Air for the most talented students of the oldest classes of art high schools – Rychwał 2023 – open-air exhibition

XXIX Krystyna Drążkiewicz National Drawing and Painting Open-Air for the most talented students of the oldest classes of art high schools – Rychwał 2023 – open-air exhibition 5.10 – 11.10. 2023Curators: Agata Nowak, Adam NowaczykGallery Szewska 16, Szewska Str. 16 The post-open-air exhibition presents a “modest” selection of 150 works of the rich achievements of young creative people representing most secondary art schools in Poland. The authors are both winners of the open-air competition for indexes for the Faculty of Painting and Drawing of Magdalena Abakanowicz University of the Arts Poznan as well as creative people who stand out with their individual attitude. The effect is a result of the meeting of people who are just shaping their idea ofMore
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Piotr Szwiec | Trapped Jewelry | Sofia, Bulgaria

Piotr Szwiec | Trapped Jewelry | Sofia, Bulgaria ALMA MATER Gallery of the Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., Sofia, BulgariaDuration: 16-31.10.2023 A series of designs and realizations of unique jewelry. Jewelry can be valuable in a simple way – by the value of its metal. If this were the only criterion, bars on chains would be the most valuable. For jewelry, artistic value and quality of craftsmanship have always been important, and in times of mass production they have become even more important. Precious means valuable: handmade, unique, one of a kind. This was the slogan of the first jewelry made of flints hand-carved to resemble Paleolithic stones – tools that were as valuable as jewelry today. They required manualMore
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The Phenomenon of Magdalena Abakanowicz | Discussion Panel at Art Corner

The Phenomenon of Magdalena Abakanowicz | Discussion Panel at Art Corner We cordially invite you to the next event entitled The Phenomenon of Magdalena Abakanowicz, organized at Art Corner by Porsche Centrum Poznan, DESA UNICUM and our University (simultaneous translation into English to be provided). The meeting will be attended by outstanding artists and researchers of Abakanowicz’s work and representatives of the DESA UNICUM Auction House 11.10 (Wednesday), 17:30Atrium UAP, build. B20, 23 Lutego Str. Anna Goebel Anna Goebel (born 1951 in Katowice) – visual artist, creates spatial compositions and objects, deals with ephemeral activities in open spaces, paper art and experimental textiles. In the years 1972–1977 she studied at the State Higher School of Fine Arts in Poznan (currently MagdalenaMore
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What Paweł Edmund Strzelecki saw | Sound and visual spectacle on the occasion of the celebration of Paweł Edmund Strzelecki Year

What Paweł Edmund Strzelecki saw | Sound and visual spectacle on the occasion of the celebration of the year of Paweł Edmund Strzelecki 6.10.2023 (Friday),  19:30, 17 Kolegiacki Sq., Poznan “Your fears that I would go higher than the Blue Mountains have come true. I was there and even further (…). P. E. Strzelecki We cordially invite you to a special audio and visual event (mapping combined with live music) commemorating the figure and life of an extraordinary man, a resident of Poznan and a citizen of the world, considered right next to the brilliant Chopin and the brilliant Maria Skłodowska-Curie to be the most important Pole of the 19th century! Paweł Edmund Strzelecki was the author of numerous geographical,More
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“Yesterday I Dreamt of an Empty Forest” | Exhibition accompanying the IV Biennial of Artistic Textile in Poznan

“Yesterday I Dreamt of an Empty Forest” | Exhibition accompanying the IV Biennial of Artistic Textile in PoznanGallery Duża Scena UAP, 24 Wodna Str.Opening: 30.09.23, 20:00Curator: Dorota Tarnowska-UrbanikDuration: 30.09 – 15.10.2023Wednesday – Sunday, 14:00-17:00 The impulse to create the exhibition “Yesterday I Dreamt of an Empty Forest ” is the desire to meet again and present the work of people who were and still are associated with the Artistic Textile Studio at Magdalena Abakanowicz University of the Arts Poznan, and whose attitudes and various sensitivities are strongly remembered by those running the workshop. Despite the difference in age, interests and current profession, each artist had and still has a strong fascination with nature. For Anna Goebel, the forest is aMore
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WIRELESS | Unique textile past and present

WIRELESS | Unique textile past and presentGallery Nowa Scena UAP, 28 Marcinkowskiego Ave.Opening: 30.09.2023, 18:00Wednesday – Sunday, 13:00 – 18:0030.09-15.10.2023 The exhibition presents the attitudes of artists who realize their artistic works in the area of broadly understood artistic fabric. The essence of the exhibition is to present in the broadest possible context the current topics that concern the artists. Accordingly, in the gallery space, there will be for viewing and contemplation the works of artists who realize artworks based on multithreaded ideas. The theme/title and leitmotif of the exhibition is “wireless”, understood as without electricity. Thus, the term is close to traditional techniques and technologies, related to textile art and in a more metaphorical sense – analog, over forms,More
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“Welcome to my humble abode”

Venue: Przystanek Pireus (Głogowska 35, Poznan)Opening: 20:00Duration: 29.09 – 19.10.2023 Recall that feeling when you cross the doorstep of somebody’s home for the first time.The exhibition “Welcome to my humble abode” is an invitation to enter a space co-createdby fifteen artists. Despite their diversity, the work of these artists forms an ecosystem thatwants be explored. The visitor has the opportunity to delve into the nooks and crannies of aspace that is the product of a group of artists fascinations, points of view and ways ofthinking, and to follow the corridors that connect the themes they address.Artists: Michalina Banasik, Bernadetta Bałękowska, Daria Bielienkov, Przemek Kaczmarek, MarcinKaralus, Mateusz Kowalczyk, Hubert Krawczyk, Rozalia Kwiatkowska, KarolinaMaliszewska, Ewa Pajewska-Wawrzyniak, Kuba Stajszczak, Maria Węsławska-Grybina,Marcel Łukasiewicz, AleksandraMore
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Exercises in being | Marcin Salwin

Exercises in being | Marcin SalwinGallery Szewska 1625.09-30.09Opening: 25.09, 18:00 Curatorial team:Natalia CzarcińskaJerzy MuszyńskiDorota Tarnowska-Urbanik Marcin Salwin Graduate of BA (2020) and MA (2022) studies in the field of drawing at the University of Arts in Poznań. Winner of the 2nd place at the 2nd Artistic Textile Biennale in Poznań and winner of the 9th edition of the Alicja Kępińska competition for the best theoretical MA thesis at the UAP created in the academic year 2021/22 for his work “Cartographic-virtual dialogue on the example of the space of video games of the 1990s” (under the supervision of Prof. dr. hab. Izolda Kiec). The author’s main artistic and theoretical interests include issues of transmedia narratology, pop culture themes and dialoguing withMore
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A body borrowed from space / Marta Węglińska

A body borrowed from space | Marta Węglińska Meritorical support: Ewa MrozikiewiczGallery Curators’LAB, 12 Nowowiejskiego Str.Opening: 26.09.2023, 18:0026.09 – 15.10.2023 The presented works were created to meet the need for multidimensional contact with the natural environment. Text: Marta Węglińska and Ewa Mrozikiewicz You probably consider yourself a sophisticated being – and you certainly are – but know that you are made up of a multitude of elements and compounds that were once waste and then recycled. Don’t worry, this applies to all of us[1]. Marta The natural environment, the processes taking place in it, constant changes, the wildest places, the least transformed by human activity are the basis for my work. I observe nature from many perspectives – biology, geology,More
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Piotr Szwiec | Art Symposium ART-ECO 2023

Piotr Szwiec | Art Symposium ART-ECO 2023 Professor Piotr Szwiec, 1st Vice-Rector of Magdalena Abakanowicz University of the Arts Poznan, took part in the Art Symposium ART-ECO 2023 on August, 28 – September, 5, 2023 (Kiten, Bulgaria). The symposium was accompanied by the international exhibition “ECO ART 2023” at the ALMA MATER Gallery of the Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” with the participation of artists from Bulgaria, Poland, France and Lithuania representing foreign art schools and cultural institutions. The Symposium and the exhibition are the project of the Visual Arts Department of the Faculty of Educational Studies and Arts of the Sofia University. Both the events served as a good promotion of Polish art abroad, popularizing didactic and artistic achievementsMore
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WIRELESS. Textile art past and present

WIRELESS. Textile art past and present The exhibition presents the attitudes of artists who realize their artistic works in the area of broadly understood artistic fabric. The essence of the exhibition is to present in the broadest possible context the current topics that concern the artists. Accordingly, in the gallery space, there will be for viewing and contemplation the works of artists who realize artworks based on multithreaded ideas. The theme/title and leitmotif of the exhibition is “wireless”, understood as without electricity. Thus, the term is close to traditional techniques and technologies, related to textile art and in a more metaphorical sense – analog, over forms, directly treating the dependencies of today’s world. In addition, in another sense, wireless isMore
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The moment it wobbles and trembles | Maciej Andrzejczak, Anna Kołacka, Sebastian Trzoska 

The moment it wobbles and trembles Venue: Gallery Szydłowski, 13/15 Nowolipie Str., Warsaw Opening: 07.09.2023, 18:00-21:00Duration: 07-22.09.2023 Maciej Andrzejczak, Anna Kołacka, Sebastian Trzoska  The clocks no longer stop, and the time displayed on the ubiquitous screens flows either too fast or too slow. The works of the three artists are like an experiment designed to recognize and experience a disordered reality. Sebastian Trzoska’s Technical diagram for 24 hours of focus shows a stopwatch board speeding up minute by minute. On the one hand ”it is simply a form of creative play with the ruthless limitations of the timer’s function and the industrial nature of the object, such as a typical advertising display built from LED lights” (S.T). In this black-framed controlled chaos, where the conceptMore
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PENETRATION | Marzena Wolińska

PENETRATION | Marzena Wolińska Gallery Nowa Scena UAP, 28 Marcinkowskiego av.Opening: 07.09.2023, 18:00Wed – Sun, 13:00 – 18:007.08-24.09.2023 Objects/ usable items, sculptural forms, drawing compositions are the result of different ways of creating, but/however the inspiration to create them are emotions and thoughts that permeate each other… hence there is the title of the exhibition. The PENETRATION exhibition presents the mutual relations between various forms of creative expression – utilitarian objects, sculptures and drawings are the result of a different way of creating, but the inspiration for their creation are emotions and thoughts that interpenetrate each other … it gives rise to the title of the exhibition. Usability is determined by function, conditioned by a given technology and obliged toMore
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Spirits | Radosław Czarkowski 

Spirits | Radosław Czarkowski Gallery Duża Scena UAP, 24 Wodna Str. Opening: 5.09.2023, 18:00 5-20.09.2023Wed-Sun, 14:00 – 17:00  Spirits are assumed to be a group of mutually complementary objects referring in their idea to the issues of memory and identity – important from the point of view of self-identification not only for individuals, but also for entire communities or nations. The mechanism of care for identity and knowledge of origin is the same in each case – memory care. This role is played by verbal applications, books, photographs kept in the wallet or notes on the margins of school notebooks – without refreshing, images fade and concepts escape under the weight of time. The realization is a reflection on the transformation of eventsMore
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Shapes of Insider

Shapes of Insider Opening: 24.08.2023, 18:00Venue: Design Gallery, 9 Wolnica Str. The “Shapes of Insider” exhibition is an overview of the fascinating achievements of students of Interior Design in the academic year 2022/2023. We have created a collection of works that tell about our design path and personal visions of space. The works presented at the exhibition are like windows to the world of countless possibilities. From minimalist, subdued designs to an explosion of colors and forms, each work is a reflection of our individuality. Their presentation on long sheets leaves room for free analysis and focus on the projects themselves. This simplicity emphasizes the richness of ideas and the uniqueness of each work. The diversity and dialogue that accompanyMore
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ANTICIPATIONS / ceramic objects / PIOTR MASTALERZ

ANTICIPATIONS / ceramic objects / PIOTR MASTALERZ Gallery Curators’LAB, 12 Nowowiejskiego Str.Opening: 29.08.2023, 18:0029.08-17.09.2023 Curator:prof. dr hab. Ewa Twarowska-Sioda PIOTR MASTALERZ Biography:Piotr Mastalerz is a graduate of the Academy of Fine Arts in Poznan. He graduated from the Faculty of Sculpture and Spatial Activities, obtaining a diploma in the studio of prof. Jacek Jagielski. In 2013, he defended his PhD at his alma mater. In the years 1994–1999 he studied at the State Lyceum of Fine Arts in Zdunska Wola, where he obtained the title of art technician, specializing in artistic ceramics. Then, from 1999 to 2000, he attended the School of Theater and Film Techniques in Łodz. In the years 2000–2002 he studied in Kalisz at the Faculty ofMore
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THE WIND FROM THE SEA | Aleksander Radziszewski 

THE WIND FROM THE SEA | Aleksander Radziszewski Gallery Duża Scena UAP, 24 Wodna Str.16 – 28.08.2023Finissage: 28.08, 18:00 “The witch’s scapular was torn off so that he would no longer defend her, and she was allowed to drink a second glass of holy wine. When the boat, pushed from the shore by the oars of several stout fishermen, ran out to sea, the crowd on the shore howled to throw the witch into the water as soon as possible. And so it happened. The two biggest masops, straddling the boat-drivers, lifted the limp woman by the arms and legs, swung her in the air, and flung her far into the water. Drunk on holy wine and stripped of her scapular,More
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Ryszard Kaja | Big and small journeys from and to Poznan

Big and small journeys from and to Poznan | Ryszard Kaja Curator: Ewelina Muraszkiewicz  Gallery Nowa Scena UAP, Al. Marcinkowskiego 28 Opening: 2.08, 18:00 Thoughtful observer of everyday life Which of us, driven by curiosity, has not once been tempted to peek at someone’s diary? Break off at least a piece of the innermost thoughts and observations of the other person? Of course, knowing that what we see or read, we don’t necessarily have to like it. Ryszard Kaja kept a diary for almost his entire life. He meticulously supplemented day after day, providing ample material for posterity to analyze. Initially, Ryszard’s diaries were A6 notebooks in which he wrote down and painted everything he experienced on a daily basis. OverMore
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